Knowing when a woman’s fertile period is important to do, especially for those of you who want to have children. Basically predicting a woman’s fertile period is not difficult. You can find out the fertile period by looking at the menstrual cycle calendar or by looking at the following characteristics of a woman’s fertility!
The fertile period is a period where the possibility of a woman to get pregnant is at its peak. Most women do not know when they are fertile, even though they can be calculated and predicted, especially if they have regular menstrual cycles.
The cycle is calculated from the first day of menstruation, the average woman ovulates between the 11th day to the 21st day of her cycle. The days between ovulation days are called fertility. Generally, the fertile period starts from 5 days before ovulation.
Every woman has a different menstrual cycle, so the calculation of time is also different. You can calculate the fertile period with the help of the Female Fertility Calculator .
In addition to calculating the fertile period with the help of the fertility period calculator, you can also experience when the fertility period occurs by looking at some of the common fertility signs that occur in women.
Here are the characteristics of the fertile period that you must recognize!
1. Changes in Basal Body Temperature
The characteristics of the first fertile period is the change in basal body temperature.
Basal body temperature is the body temperature when we wake up and have not yet begun to move. After ovulation occurs, progesterone levels in the body rise and this also causes the body temperature to rise slightly. You can predict when ovulation will occur by checking your basal body temperature every morning at the same time.
Keep in mind that there are many factors that can affect your basal body temperature. Checking your basal body temperature to predict ovulation may not be effective for those of you who have irregular sleep hours.
2. Sharper Smell
The next sign of fertile period is the senses that are increasingly sharp, especially the sense of smell.
Women become more sensitive to male pheromones during the fertile period. In addition to an increase in the sense of smell, some women also feel an increase in the sense of taste and vision as a sign of ovulation.
3. Lower Stomach Pain
Pain in the lower abdomen can also be one of the characteristics of the fertile period.
This pain occurs when the egg comes out of the ovary and goes to the place where the egg is ready to be fertilized. Ovulation pain is called Mittelschmerz and generally affects the pelvic floor or lower abdomen. This pain usually occurs on one side of the stomach.
The length of time the pain can vary in each person ranging from a few minutes to several hours, but there are also women who do not feel pain at all. If the pain is felt excessive, you should consult with a doctor because this condition can indicate excess estrogen, progesterone deficiency, or PCOS.
4. Sensitive Breasts
There are times when a woman feels her breasts are more sensitive than usual.
The more sensitive breasts also turned out to be one of the characteristics of the fertile period. Hormonal changes that occur during ovulation that cause your breast sensitivity to increase. Increasing the level of the hormone progesterone causes the breasts to stretch and sometimes causes pain and pressure.
5. The existence of brown spots
Brown spots can occur due to several reasons, one of which is due to ovulation.
Some women experience minor bleeding when a mature egg passes through a ruptured follicle. This causes brown spots along with cervical mucus. Mild bleeding may also occur due to decreased estrogen levels or because the uterine lining slightly decreases.
6. Changes to the Cervix
The characteristics of the fertile period can also be recognized from changes in the cervix because the position of the cervix can shift and experience changes throughout the menstrual cycle.
Before ovulation, the cervix will move up, become softer to the touch, and open slightly. If it is not in the fertile period, the cervical position is lower, harder, and also closed.
7. Increased libido
Increased sexual desire can also be a sign of your fertile period.
This is associated with an increase in estrogen and testosterone. In addition to increased desire, women are also believed to look more exciting at this time.
Even so, it turns out that not all women will increase their sexual desire during the fertile period. Factors such as stress, depression, or anxiety can make a woman still not excited, even in the fertile period.
8. Cervical Mucus Production Increases
Cervical mucus production changes during the menstrual cycle.
During fertility or ovulation, cervical mucus will be textured clear to resemble egg white. Generally this stage lasts for 5 days and can be reduced to only 1-2 days as a person ages. The presence of cervical mucus is one of the most accurate and most easily recognized fertility characteristics.
9. Bloated Stomach
Flatulence is also a sign of the fertile period experienced by many women.
Increased estrogen during ovulation causes water retention in the body which causes the stomach to become bloated. Some women even experience swelling in the legs due to this condition. If these symptoms interfere with your activities, immediately consult a doctor because this condition could be caused by other health problems.
Some women also feel nausea as a sign of fertility. This condition is caused due to hormonal changes in the body. These symptoms are generally rare and usually occur in women whose hormones are less balanced.
Besides nausea, hormonal changes can also cause symptoms such as headaches.
As with nausea, headaches are also a rare sign of fertility, especially in women with good hormonal balance. If the headaches that occur do not improve, immediately consult a doctor to confirm your condition and get further treatment.